‍‍‍(Four U. S. Patents cover the NeuroGenesis products with amino acids.  Those patent numbers are:  4,761,429; 5,189,064; 5,922,361; 6,159,506.  These patents can be reviewed by accessing the US Patent Office and typing in the patent numbers.  All research involved, all published papers and study cases for the development of our products, as well as all claims represented on this website are documented in these granted patents.)


Amino Acid Facts
Amino acids are the building blocks of proteins. Put very simplistically, our genes tell our bodies which ones to put into the proteins that we make, and it is the proteins that make up the significant constituents of our bodies. Myelin Basic Protein (MBP) is an example of one such protein.

In order to understand how they are glued together to make proteins, we must look at the DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) that is present in almost all the cells in our bodies.DNA is built up of many sub-units called neucleotides, each of which contains a chemical “base”. There are only four different bases and thus only four different nucleotides. The four bases are adenine (A), thymine (T), cytosine (C) and guanine (G).Genes are sections of DNA, in which the neucleotides are viewed in groups of three called “triplets” or “codons”. Each codon “codes” for a particular amino acid. A gene is terminated by a stop code or terminator which is represented by one of three codons that do not code for amino acids.

There are 20 different amino acids that are used in animals (there are others that are used in plants).  There are 64 different codons and most of the 20 amino acids are coded by more than one triplet.

The process of synthesizing amino acids from genes is known as transcription. During transcription, a gene is echoed from the DNA into a complementary form called ribonucleic acid (RNA).

From the RNA, they are produced and are joined with one another with a peptide bond. The resulting sequence of aminos is known as peptide string or polypeptide. Proteins are derived from these polypeptides.

Before taking any nutritional supplement, please consult your health care provider first.

Amino Acids in our Products: Rationale for our Formula of Amino Acids Reasoning Behind our Patented Blend
The Right Amino Acids, Not the Kitchen Sink

There are many amino acids in supplement form in the marketplace today. Some have added ingredients that aren’t necessary for the efficient metabolation of amino acids into neurotransmitters. Unfortunately, these supplements have taken the shotgun approach to making sure nothing is left out. NeuroGenesis does not feel that an “everything but the kitchen sink” formulation is beneficial when creating the right amino acid supplement. In fact, too much of certain ingredients can actually inhibit the needed metabolation to propertly convert amino acids into neurotransmitters.

Four U.S. Patents Cover the Amino Acids in our Products

NeuroGenesis has combined years of clinical observation and simple raw science to formulate a blend of amino acids and vitamins that creates a synergistic effect. Our blend of ingredients actually work together to assist the body in converting the amino acids into the needed neurotransmitters. Four U.S. Patents cover our products with amino acids.

Which Amino Acid Supplement?  It's your Choice

With all the nutritional supplements including amino acids on the market today, you do have a choice. But please remember to do the research. We feel that you will come to this conclusion: NeuroGenesis offers a formulation of amino acids and vitamins that best supports natural neurotransmitter replenishment.

Further Rationale Using Amino Acids

Below, you will find a list of amino acids and the reasons that we’ve chosen to include them in our nutritional supplements. If you have further questions, please don’t hesitate to contact our Corporate Office. We will be glad to provide you with more information on the science behind our supplements, and the amino acids we use in them.

Please Note:

The information provided on the pages of this web site are intended as information only and are not a substitute for diagnosis and treatment by a physician or health care provider. The ideas and information on these pages are designed to help you make informed decisions about your health. This information is provided for your nutritional and lifestyle educational purposes only, and is not meant to be relied upon as diagnostic information, recommendations or suggestions for health concerns and medical treatment. If you have a health concern, please seek advise from a physician or health care provider specialized in your area of concern. NeuroGenesis products are nutritional supplements and are covered under the Dietary Supplements Health and Education Act of 1994 (DSHEA), and as such are not evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration IMPORTANT: Nutritional supplements work best in conjunction with a healthy diet. Optimal health does not happen overnight, but requires a building process. Please be faithful to yourself and to your body by taking NeuroGenesis products on a regular, on-going basis.

A Semi-Essential Amino Acid

The amino acid, Arginine, has several roles in the body:

  • Arginine aids in liver detoxification
  • Arginine assists in the release of human growth hormones
  • Arginine assists in the maintenance of a healthy immune system
  • It increases muscle tone while decreasing fat, curbs the appetite,and aids in metabolizing fats for weight loss
  • It increases the production of collagen, and promotes wound healing
  • It has been shown to combat mental and physical fatigue

Arginine: The Semi-essential Amino Acid
Arginine is considered a semi-essential amino acid, because although it is normally synthesized in sufficient amounts by the body, supplementation is sometimes required. Symptoms of arginine deficiency include poor wound healing, muscle weakness, hair loss or breakage, skin rash, and constipation.The body’s ability to synthesize the nonessential amino acids such as arginine, and to utilize all amino acids, can be adversely affected by an individual’s advancing age, overall health, the presence of infection, physical trauma such as injury, effects of stress, and imbalances of other nutrients.Found in high concentrations in the connective tissues, arginine is a component of collagen that plays a vital role in the production and repair of new (or damaged) tissue and bone cells. Surgical or traumatic injury greatly increases the body’s need for L-arginine.

Arginine Precautions
People with genital herpes should not take L-arginine because it may aggravate their symptoms. It also may counteract the benefits of lysine to treat herpes.While arginine is a precursor to nitric oxide, which the body uses to keep blood vessels dilated, allowing the heart to receive adequate oxygen, it should not be used following a heart attack. If you have a history of heart disease, consult your doctor before taking arginine or any nutritional supplement.

Other Benefits
Arginine, ornithine and carnitine work together to release a growth hormone that metabolizes excess body fat.

Am‍‍‍ino Acids

The Buildi‍‍‍ng Blocks

5-Hydroxy Tryptophan is a precursor to Serotinin which can further convert to Melatonin.

What is 5-HTP?
5-hydroxy tryptophan (5-HTP) is a compound produced by the amino acid tryptophan. The body breaks down tryptophan to make 5-HTP, and then changes it into serotonin: a neurotransmitter that helps regulates mood, increases calm, provides a greater level of concentration and focus, balances sleep patterns, provides a more hopeful, optimistic outlook, increases energy levels and helps to suppress or regulate the appetite. Therefore, 5-HTP is a precursor to serotonin. This means that 5-HTP is an amino acid building block that helps the body naturally product serotonin.

Serotonin is absolutely essential for your brain – and thus your body – to function properly. It is a neurotransmitter, a chemical, which carries vital signals from one cell to the next. Without adequate levels of serotonin, those signals cannot move at the proper speed or intensity. People with low levels of serotonin awaken feeling un-rested; they drag themselves through the day feeling sluggish, moody, teary, impatient, impulsive, anxious and depressed. Low serotonin levels can also promote carbohydrate cravings and overeating.Importantly, serotonin is the filtering system for all sensory input. Without the proper balance of this neurochemical, the brain misinterprets everything as a threat and sends the body into “survival mode”. Sights, sounds, smells, touch and even taste can be perceived as frightening and life threatening. With optimal levels of serotonin, the brain does not become overloaded or overwhelmed by excessive sensory input.

5-HTP and Serotinin
If you are one who is dealing with the effects of low serotonin levels, you can provide your body with the raw material it needs to produce its own serotonin — 5‍‍‍-HTP.5-HTP – The Alternative to TryptophanIn 1989 an outbreak of a serious medical condition was attributed to a contaminated batch of tryptophan supplements imported from Japan. The FDA immediately banned all over-the-counter sales of tryptophan (not just that imported from Japan) and made it available only with a prescription. This dramatically increased the price and made it unavailable for nutritional supplements.When tryptophan was banned in l989, many companies began extensive research to find a non-prescription alternative to tryptophan. The alternative turned out to be 5-HTP. And 5-HTP is one step closer to serotonin in the body than tryptophan is. Taking 5-HTP actually gives your body a jump-start in its efforts to maintain healthy levels of serotonin.‍‍‍

Benefits of 5-HTP
Even though tryptophan is again available for over-the-counter use, there have been many benefits discovered that encourage the continuing use of 5-HTP. According to many, 5-HTP is far superior to tryptophan. Here are some of the reasons taken from 5-HTP, The Natural Way to Overcome Depression, Obesity, and Insomnia by Michael T. Murray, N.D.

Facts About 5-HTP

  • 5-HTP is not a synthetic drug, but is extracted from a natural source, the seed of the Griffonia plant, and is therefore not vulnerable to the processing contamination that caused the tryptophan scare in 1989.
  • 5-HTP passes into the brain immediately without the difficult wait that tryptophan has, giving a more rapid absorption.
  • 5-HTP has been found to exert significant protection against free-radical formation and oxidative damage.
  • 5-HTP is estimated to be 25 times more effective for improving brain function than tryptophan.
  • 5-HTP improves sleep quality without causing daytime drowsiness.
  • 5-HTP has been shown to relieve the pain and suffering for many who suffer with migraine headaches.
  • 5-HTP regulates several vital processes in the body, including sleep, emotional stability, pain sensitivity and addictive cravings.
  • ‍‍‍5-HTP is widely available, without prescription, as a nutritional supplement.‍‍‍
  • 5-HTP is a safe, natural way to boost brain serotonin levels.

Benefits and Deficiency

What is Carnitine?
L-carnitine is a coenzyme, a water-soluble vitamin-like compound that is classified as an amino acid, whose supplementation could potentially be beneficial under several conditions.

One of the most relevant is that carnitine facilitates the transport of fatty acid to the mitochondria for oxidation. Because of this role, it is possible that weight loss could be improved because fatty build-up would be converted into energy (primarily for muscular activities). It is also suggested that supplemental carnitine could have a positive effect on energy levels, especially during exercise or any activity requiring high energy levels.

Carnitine Deficiency
Carnitine is stored in the skeletal muscles, heart, brain, and sperm. Any number of reasons can cause some people to have dietary deficiencies of carnitine or an inability to properly absorb this nutrient from the foods they eat. This deficiency of carnitine may cause symptoms such as fatigue, chest pain, muscle pain, weakness, low blood pressure, and/or confusion. Heart muscle tissue, because of its high-energy requirements, is particularly vulnerable to carnitine deficiency. Any such symptoms should be reported to your health care provider. Also, you should consult your health care provider before taking any nutritional supplements, including carnitine.

Benefits of Carnitine
Carnitine, along with ornithine and arginine, is a growth hormone releaser. It is used to improve mental performance. It is also used to improve resistance to muscle fatigue. Studies have also shown carnitine to be beneficial in some by lowering blood triglyceride levels.

Someone has stated that energy is the greatest anti-aging force there is. The hypothesis is that the more energy your cells have, the slower they (the cells) age. Therefore, giving your cells the fuel they need to make optimal levels of energy is a wise decision.

Amino Acid Precursor to GABA

Glutamine: Precursor to GABA
Glutamine in an amino acid that is a major precursor for the neurotransmitter, GABA, or gamma amino butyric acid, and is especially important when the body is subjected to stressful situations. It has been stated that when there is no GABA, there is no calm and no sleep because the brain will not “turn off”.

A Conditionally Essential Amino Acid: Glutamine
Glutamine is considered a “conditionally essential amino acid” because, although it can be manufactured in the body, under extreme physical or emotional stress the demand for glutamine exceeds the body’s ability to synthesize it.

Unlike glutamic acid, glutamine crosses the blood-brain barrier easily, readily reaching the central nervous system (CNS) for use.

It is a potent energy source and is vital for high energy activities, such as exercise and projects requiring concentrated thinking and memory. Therefore, it is essential for supplying both the body and brain with energy.

Glutamine and Excess Ammonia
L-glutamine is important for removing excess ammonia (a common waste product in the body). It has been shown to enhance the immune system. Also, people who are gluten sensitive can use glutamine without the problems often associated with sensitivity to monosodium glutamate.

Glutamine and Anxiety
Glutamine is an all-natural, anti-anxiety supplement that allows the mind to relax without causing the side effects sometimes associated with tranquilizers. It “tones down” unwanted “mind chatter,” which sharpens a person’s ability to focus and concentrate with more clarity or simply relax.

Why not use GABA instead of L-Glutamine?
While l-glutamine is an all-natural product, an ingredient by the name of GABA is a synthetic product that increases calm in the neurotransmitter by the same name.

The problem with using this synthetic product is that your body responds to it like it would any other external chemical source (See Addiction); it increases the activity of the neurotransmitter gamma amino butyric acid, but does nothing to actually build or replenish it. The only way to naturally build the brain chemical GABA is through nutrition or through the use of the amino acid l-glutamine.

People who are taking the product GABA will get a temporary calm, but will eventually need to change to l-glutamine to rebuild the GABA levels naturally.

Always remember, before any nutritional supplement, including amino acids, consult your health care professional first.

(Click on each amino acid for detailed information)‍‍‍

Amino Acid and Neurotransmitter

What is Glycine?
Glycine is both a protein amino acid and a neurotransmitter in the central nervous system.

Glycine as a Supplement
Supplemental glycine has anti-spastic activity, as well as antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities. Supplemental glycine works by inhibiting the messages from the spinal cord that cause abnormal responses such as jerky, exaggerated, spastic, or uncoordinated muscular movements, especially those that are often magnified during intense anxiety or in association with some withdrawal situations.

Glycine readily crosses the blood-brain barrier.

Always remember, before taking glycine or any other nutritional supplement, consult your health care professional first.‍‍‍


What is Ornithine?
L-ornithine is an important anti-aging amino acid that promotes growth. It is also a precursor of arginine. Arginine and ornithine are closely related. While arginine is incorporated into body proteins, ornithine is a tool used to make those proteins. The body converts arginine supplements into ornithine, and can convert ornithine into arginine if needed.

The amino acid ornithine works together with arginine and carnitine to promote natural growth hormone release from the pituitary gland. (See HGH).

Ornithine is also thought to metabolize excess body fat. It is required for a properly functioning immune system and assists in ammonia detoxification. It is a central part of the urea cycle, which allows for the disposal of excess nitrogen.

Always remember, before taking any nutritional supplement, including amino acids, consult your health care provider first.

Amino Acid Precursor to Dopamine and Norephinephrine

What is Phenylalanine?
Phenylalanine is an essential amino acid. It exists in two forms, a D and an L form. D-phenylalanine is the enantiomer (mirror image) of l-phenylalanine and is one of the few “d” form aminos that is pharmacologically activity. D-phenylalanine works to inhibit the enzymes that break down the “opioids” in the brain. Opioids are like endorphins and produce a sense of well-being and calm. If the enzymes that break them down are not as active due to the action of d-phenylalanine, then the opioids activity increases and the person has a greater sense of internal calm.

As a Precursor
L-phenylalanine is converted into another amino acid, l-tyrosine. L-tyrosine is converted into l-dopa before being further converted into the neurotransmitters dopamine, norepinephrine and epinephrine.D/L phenylalanine is a mixture of 50% l-phenylalanine and 50% d-phenylalanine.

Phenylalanine Deficiency
Too little phenylalanine may cause anhedonia (an inability to experience pleasure), confusion, emotional agitation, depression, decreased alertness and memory, inability to feel remorse for or recognize consequences of behavior and the lack of sympathy or connection. (See Amino Acid Facts: Precautions).

As always, before taking any nutritional supplement, including amino acids, please consult your health care provider first.


What is Taurine?
Taurine is a sulfur containing amino acid; it also functions with glycine and GABA as an inhibitory neurotransmitter. Taurine is one of the most abundant amino acids in the body.Taurine is found in many areas of our body, including our central nervous system, skeletal muscle, and in even greater concentration, in our heart and brain.

Taurine as a Neurotransmitter
As a powerful inhibitory neurotransmitter, one of taurine’s uses has been that of an anti-convulsant. These anti-convulsant effects come from its ability to stabilize nerve cell membranes, which prevents the erratic firing of nerve cells. Therefore, it is also used to calm excitable tissues such as the heart, skeletal muscles and central nervous system.

Antioxidant Qualities of Taurine
Research also shows taurine to have antioxidant qualities and to have a protective effect upon the human brain. It is used to help absorb fats and fat-soluble vitamins and has become a common ingredient in energy drinks.

The benefits of Taurine are wide ranging and can be a productive part of a total supplement program.  As always, before taking any nutritional supplement, including amino acids, please consult your health care provider first.

One of the Non-Essential Amino Acids

What is Tyrosine?
Tyrosine is a nonessential amino acid that is synthesized in the body from phenylalanine. As a precursor or building block for several important neurochemicals, tyrosine builds dopamine, epinephrine, and norepinephrine, all of which work to regulate mood. These neurotransmitters are commonly depleted in those who have used stimulant drugs for an extended period of time. (See “Neurotransmitters” for more information on the individual neurotransmitters and how neurochemical deficiencies affect the individual.)

Benefits of Tyrosine
Because tyrosine is also involved in the synthesis of enkephalins (opioids), substances that have pain-relieving effects in the body, it appears to have some added pain relief benefits. Tyrosine seems to be especially beneficial when used in conjunction with 5-HTP.Tyrosine is considered a mild antioxidant as well as having putative antidepressant effects.

Tyrosine aids in the production of melanin (pigment responsible for hair and skin color). Those with pre-existing pigmented melanoma should avoid tyrosine supplements, as it is suggested that tyrosine may increase the ability of the melanoma cells to spread.  As always, before taking any nutritional supplement, including amino acids, please first consult your health care provider.